Quezon City was founded under the Commonwealth Act No. 502. It was then on July 17, 1948 when President Elpidio Quirino signed into a law the Republic Act No. 333 that makes Quezon City as the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. In the same year, the Philippine Heraldry Commission and was attested by then Executive Secretary Emilio Abello prepared and approved the official seal of Quezon City.
The seal then has a design of a shield divided diagonally into two parts, one side in red and the other side blue. The center of is overlaid the profile of the City’s founder, President Manuel L. Quezon in an oval frame. It is enclosed by a circular border with the LUNGSOD QUEZON as the text above and SAGISAG NA OPISYAL below.
August 1, 1974, the Acting Cultural Officer Francisco B. Alvarez wrote then to the City Mayor Norberto S. Amoranto that the Quezon City seal has been outdated and archaic in design and symbolism and then suggested to remodel or redesign a new seal for Quezon City. It is then when Mayor Amoranto endorsed the proposed design to Architect Luciano V. Aquino for his comments and recommendation. Architect Aquino then approved the design with some modifications he himself made.
September 11, 1974, Mayor Amoranto forwarded the newly proposed design of the seal of Quezon City to the Philippine Heraldry Commission, Office of the President, for approval. Upon the recommendation of Dr. Galo B. Ocampo, Technical Adviser on Heraldy, the new coat-of-arms was approved. The approval was signed by then Assistant Exec. Sec. Roberto V. Reyes.
February 3, 1975, a Resolution No. 10320 S-75 was passed by the City Council adopting the new coat-of-arms for Quezon City as approved by the Office of the President.When President Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 940 on May 7, 1976, changing Quezon City of its distinction as the capital of the country and restoring the title to Manila, the text in Quezon City’s coat-of-arms PUNONG BAYAN NG PILIPINAS was also changed to REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS, the KALAKHANG MAYNILA and the present PILIPINAS
Heraldic Description of the Seal of Quezon City
The coat-of-arms of Quezon City has its own features and design and with different meaning:“An equilateral triangle divided azure and gules superimpose the silhouette of the Quezon Memorial Monument argent with the lamp of Knowledge argent over the azure field dexter and the gavel argent over the field of gules sinister. On the apex of the triangle are three mullets or over a border agent.”
“The text LUNGSOD NG QUEZON and PILIPINAS completed the border of arms.”“
To help the layman understand above heraldic description of the Quezon City coat-of-arms, the dictionary meaning of the technical terms used are given below:
· azure – of the heraldic color blue
· gules – the heraldic color red
· argent – n. silver of a coat-of-arms, represented in a drawing or engraving by a plain white surface, symbolical of purity, beauty, etc. adj. silvery white; resembling silver; bright silver
· dexter – appearing or facing toward the right and considered a good omen
· sinister – to or toward the left
· mullet – in heraldry, a star of five points or more
The three pylons of the silhouette of the Quezon Memorial Monument represent Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The star suggests the greatness of the late President Manuel L. Quezon while the gavel represent his incomparable leadership. The lamp of knowledge also symbolizes educational development of the city. The colors of the seal are also patterned after the Philippine Flag.