The inventory was developed in partnership with the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group through the Climate Action Planning (CAP) programme. Funded by the United Kingdom Government’s Global Future Cities Prosperity Fund, the CAP programme is a two-year engagement designed to enhance Quezon City’s climate action plan to address both the need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to the impact of climate change.
Inventory development was spearheaded by the GHG Inventory Management Team of Quezon City’s Environmental Protection and Waste Management Department (EPWMD) with technical oversight from Mr. Marvin Lagonera, C40 City Adviser for Quezon City, and C40’s Measurement and Planning team.
The city-wide GHG inventory will enable Quezon City to measure its overall emissions, as well as understand the contribution of different activities within the city. It covers stationary energy, transportation, and waste sectors following the Global Protocol for Community-scale Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventories (GPC), a GHG Protocol standard developed by C40, World Resources Institute and ICLEI. The calculations were done using C40’s City Inventory and Reporting Information System (CIRIS) tool, designed to support cities in reporting GPC-compliant inventories.
In 2016, Quezon City emitted a total of 8,014,366 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) of which 60% is attributed to the energy sector, 21% from the transportation sector and 19 % from the waste sector. This represents around 2.7 metric tonnes of CO2e per capita based on the city’s 2016 population.
The stationary energy sector accounted for the highest share of emissions with electricity consumption accounting for 56% with other 44% being direct emissions from the use of fuels such as gas, diesel, kerosene, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). Meanwhile, on-road transport emissions accounted for the single biggest subsector contributing to total GHG emissions. Under waste sector, solid waste emissions from disposal in landfill accounted for 69% while the remaining 31% was attributed to wastewater treatment and discharge.
The outcome of the inventory will be reported to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP), which is a global platform for cities to measure, manage and disclose their greenhouse gas emissions and climate actions data as part of the City’s commitment to the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, and the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy (formerly known as Compact of Mayors).
Last May 6 and 7, technical staff from various departments and office in Quezon City attended the GHG Inventory Development and Management Capacity Building Workshop delivered by QC-EPWMD, C40 Cities and ICLEI Southeast Asia Secretariat at Novotel Cubao.
The City is currently developing its GHG Inventory Management Plan which will formalize the GHG data collection, accounting and reporting process. Completing the GHG Inventory Management Plan will allow the city to set emission reduction targets and track their performancein a transparent and systematic manner. The city aims to undertake its next inventory for 2019.
City Adviser Mr. Marvin Lagonera explained that the collaborative approach in developing the 2016 inventory has been essential in building in-city technical capacity and practical expertise for future inventories. The next step is to undertake GHG emissions scenario modeling which will help the city come up with evidence-based and robust emission reduction targets.
“We thank the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group for assisting Quezon City in arriving at its city-wide Greenhouse Gas emissions for 2016. The result will be monumental for the City to set its baseline emissions, explore reduction scenario and ultimately arrive at a conscientious emissions reduction target for the whole of Quezon City as part of the City’s commitment to ‘Deadline 2020’ in full support of the Paris Agreement” said Ms. Frederika Rentoy, Head of QC-EPWMD.
“We congratulate Quezon City on this important milestone. C40 is glad to have been part of this important undertaking and to support the city towards its completion.” said Milag San Jose-Ballesteros, C40 Regional Director for East Asia, South East Asia & Oceania. “This would not however been possible without the city's strong commitment to improving and making use of data to inform policies and programs towards a low- carbon, climate- resilient and livable city. It is these commitments of cities that will help deliver the Paris Agreement and we are happy to have Quezon City as a C40 member in the Philippines transforming ambitions into actions through data-driven decision making.”
To date, the Quezon City Government has initiated various climate change mitigation programs such as the development of the Local Climate Change Action Plan and local Green Building Ordinance, the expansion of the Quezon City Controlled Disposal Facility Biogas Emission Reduction Project, parks and green space development, among others.
The city also recently procured electronic vehicles and increased bicycle lanes for the commuting constituents. It is currently pursuing a massive installation of solar panels in fifty (50) public schools in the City.